Campus Disciplinary Hearings

Students who have been accused of sexual assault at colleges or universities – whether by the police or a school investigator – need to obtain experienced help as quickly as possible.

Joshua Engel on Sexual Assault at Colleges/Universities

This help should involve an attorney who has experience in three areas: civil rights, Title IX litigation, and criminal defense.

In our experience, students recognize too late that campus administrators and law enforcement investigators are not their friends.

Sometimes cooperation or just keeping silent is the best alternative. But, often, there is a better approach to just telling a different version of the events.

Trusted Experience

Engel and sosrtin, LLC has represented a significant number of students in both school disciplinary investigations and school disciplinary proceedings. Many of these cases are resolved quietly and favorably. Some, however, have required a school hearing or, even, litigation to protect the rights of students.

Joshua Engel has been recognized as one of the leading attorneys in this field. In 2017, he was asked by the Department of Education to consult on revisions to the Title IX process. He has spoken on this issue at a number of national conferences, including:

  • Second Annual Title IX Summit, Mohegan Sun, CT (2017)
  • Higher Learning Commission, Chicago, IL (2017)
  • Third Annual Symposium on Representing Students Accused of Sexual Assault, Washington, DC (2017)
  • Second Annual Symposium on Representing Students Accused of Sexual Assault, Washington, DC (2016)
  • Navigating Due Process and Title IX Issues in Campus Sexual Assault Procedures: Constitutional, Statutory, Contractual, and Tort Considerations, Washington, DC (2014).

Joshua Engel on Title IX Process

Engel has also been quoted on this issue by a number of leading media outlets, including: the New York Times, Fox News, Chronicle of Higher Ed., Cincinnati Enquirer, Columbus Dispatch, Dayton Daily News, and Washington Examiner.

Engel & Martin isn’t afraid to challenge schools in court and has filed lawsuits or assisted with litigation challenging student disciplinary procedures in Ohio, Texas, New York, Kentucky, and other states. In the majority of cases, the matter can be adequately resolved at the school level, so no litigation is necessary.

Understanding the Background — Pressure from the Federal Government

Students need to recognize that an allegation of sexual assault does not occur in isolation. These cases arise amidst a growing national controversy about the responses of colleges and universities to sexual assaults on campuses. After years of criticism for being too lax on campus sexual assault, on April 11, 2011, the U.S. Education Department’s Office of Civil Rights sent a “ Dear Colleague” to colleges and universities. The Dear Colleague Letter indicated that, in order to comply with Title IX, colleges and Universities must have transparent, prompt procedures to investigate and resolve complaints of sexual misconduct. Most notably, the Dear Colleague Letter required schools to adopt a relatively low burden of proof— “more likely than not“—in cases involving sexual misconduct, including assault.

Historically lax punishment for rapists at some colleges has spurred new rules from the federal government in recent years. Now, schools are required to investigate and resolve any allegation of sexual assault quickly and decisively. Failure by colleges to do that can lead to fines, federal investigations that can last years and a black eye to their public reputations.
“They wanna say, ‘We’re tough; we dealt with this,’” said Joshua Engel, a Cincinnati lawyer who represents students in lawsuits they file against colleges over judicial decisions. “Essentially, they want to put heads out on pikes in front of the school to show that they’re tough.”

Columbus Dispatch Special Report, Nov. 25, 2014.

The Federal Government, through the Department of Education, has been using Title IX to pressure colleges and universities to aggressively pursue investigations of sexual assaults on campuses. In May 2014, the federal Department of Education disclosed the names of 55 colleges under investigation for possibly violating federal rules aimed at stopping sexual harassment. This list has grown to approximately 74, and schools face the prospect of the loss of all federal funding if they do not comply with Education Department proposals. The assistant secretary of education who heads the Education Department’s Office for Civil Rights, told college officials attending a conference that schools need to make “ radical” change. She later told a separate conference, “ I will go to enforcement, and I am prepared to withhold federal funds.”

Joshua Engel on Sexual Misconduct Policies

Against this background, schools have adopted various Sexual Misconduct Policies. While these policies often to provide those accused of misconduct “a prompt, fair, and impartial investigation and resolution,” the truth is often different. Schools repeatedly rush to judgment in an effort to find students “responsible” in order to “look tough.” Worse, the job of investigating and adjudicating these claims often is carried out by administrators with no experience in investigations and no knowledge of the fundamental due process rights owed to students.

The hearing processes by the schools often are “ kangaroo courts” where a student is presumed to be guilty. Some of the problems we have observed include:

  • Panel members who are pursuing a biased political agenda instead of seeking the truth
  • Biased investigations, including instances where the investigator hides evidence that is helpful to the accused
  • The inability of students to effectively cross-examine witnesses or bring in supporting witnesses
  • The unwillingness of panels to consider relevant evidence


A Big Problem for Students

A student found “responsible” for a sexual assault by a school faces severe consequences.

Suspension or expulsion is just the beginning.

The school may place a notation on transcripts, which would inform any future graduate school or employer of the incident. In addition, the discipline may have to be disclosed on professional applications (like for the bar exam or a medical license) or background checks for a security clearance.

Joshua Engel on Student Rights

What To Do

The first step in responding to any allegation of sexual assault is to conduct a full and complete investigation. This may include work by trained former law enforcement officers. In many cases, a polygraph examination is a useful tool. A good investigation can be used to clear a students’ name quickly, and may avoid further disciplinary proceedings.

Engel & Martin, LLC has represented and advised students in multiple states and has been recognized as one of the leading firms in this field. Students with questions should contact Joshua Adam Engel at 513-445-9600 or by email.

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